New Zealand Pine
“Because you know you will get what you specified”
Our scientists, technicians and forest industry professionals have over the past 60 years accumulated more in-depth knowledge of New Zealand pines (Pinus radiata) than any other country.
In a world where many traditional sources of industrial wood have been depleted or are declining, New Zealand is gaining international recognition as a supplier of a sustainable and expanding resource of high quality wood.
New Zealand pine is, increasingly, the natural choice for buyers in Pacific Rim countries looking for an alternative species offering versatility of application and quality performance.
Crofts Products are Consistent and Sustainable
It is natural – Our pine solid wood products are created by selective sawing and processing, with low manufacturing energy inputs. The result is a natural wood product from a renewable resource.
It is sustainable – Our planted forests are expanding and maturing at a rate which provides an increasing volume of plantation pine for the future. Extensive new plantings are increasing the overall yield and providing security of supply.
It is advanced – A well established process of genetic improvement and advanced forest management expertise produces a wood resource with superior yield and consistent characteristics.
It is strong – The strength of our New Zealand pine compares favourably with most traditional construction lumber. Tailored processing and cutting ensure that high-strength logs are sawn for engineered applications.
To ensure full acceptance is obtained by our International Customers in their own markets, it is important that the wood is processed efficiently and used correctly. Our products are processed and manufactured to comply with and often exceed local standards and statutory requirements. We have been greatly assisted in this respect by the scientists and staff of the New Zealand Forest Research Institute and the New Zealand Ministry of Forestry. Both agencies have enjoyed a long association with universities, government laboratories and industrial companies worldwide. They also have direct experience of wood industries in many countries.
New Zealand’s pine plantations are among the most intensively managed in the world, and are capable of yielding large volumes of high-quality logs on rotations of 25-30 years. Quality in the short term is maintained by planting genetically improved seedlings on the most suitable land, normally thinned and pruned to encourage the growth of the best trees. New Zealand pine does not readily shed its branches in plantations, but by removing the limbs from the lower part of the stems at an early age, we are able to produce large volumes of “clearwood” or defect-free wood.
Advanced management tools, including computer simulation of forest growth, log quality, and processing options, are used to ensure that the best decisions are made for each of our plantations. The use of genetic engineering and modern tissue culture techniques is opening up prospects for matching the wood properties of New Zealand pine to the requirements for specific end uses. The forests are continually monitored to ensure that they remain healthy and free from attack by pathogens.
While pinus radiata is one of the world’s most widely planted plantation species, there are few places where the species is managed to the extent that we do.
Management of the Resource
“It’s high technology forestry”
Management methods are continually being improved to ensure a reliable supply of high-quality raw material for the full range of our products.
Sustainable Plantation Forestry
Our soils and climate are well suited to forest growth, and much of the country was originally covered in natural forest. Until about 1940, wood users were almost entirely dependent on supplies from this natural forest, which now occupies about 24% of the total land area.
Since the mid 1800s trees from around the world had been introduced to provide farm shelter and lumber for local uses. One of these introduced species was New Zealand pine (Pinus radiata D. Don) from California which adapted well to local conditions.
Since the 1920s large scale plantings of introduced species have been established for commercial uses and have progressively replaced the harvest from the natural forests, ensuring New Zealand continued to be self sufficient.
The dominant species is New Zealand pine, which grows more rapidly than other species in most situations. Natural forests still make up 90% of the forest area in New Zealand, but their future uses will be mainly for soil and water conservation and for recreation. Although the plantation forest area is relatively small by world standards, it will ensure a perpetual supply of raw material for both domestic consumption and export.